Organizational factors and e-Learning model implementation in public secondary schools in Kenya
E-learning has become a “critical” component of lifelong learning and of long-term planning strategies. E – Learning is a web – based system that makes information or knowledge available to users or learners and disregards time and geographical restrictions. It is a strategic plan aimed at using technology to enhance the quality and effectiveness of education and training. The Kenyan Government realizes the importance of ICT in education, and as a result, the government has set up ICT structures at all levels of education in order to build an ICT-literate community. After several years of effort to embrace technology, Kenyan government promulgated a National Information & Communications Technology (ICT) Policy in January 2006 to improve the livelihoods of Kenyans by ensuring the availability of accessible, efficient, reliable and affordable ICT services. The policy’s key strategies in education was to encourage the use of ICT in schools, colleges, universities and other educational institutions in the country so as to improve the quality of teaching and learning. The Kenyan government has made effort to initiate e-learning in public secondary schools and through the Ministry of Education (MoE), identified five public secondary schools within each district where e-learning was to be implemented to which 980 million shillings were allocated. Despite the enormous opportunities e – learning offers and the extensive effort by the Kenyan government, e – learning has not been successful in public secondary schools. Organizational factors have greatly influenced the success of e – learning models and consequently e - learning. These factors include effective leadership, organizational culture, strategy structure and support mechanisms. E-learning implementation requires physical infrastructure, technical expertise and psychological readiness. This study focuses on organizational factors and e – learning model implementation in public secondary schools in Kenya.
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